livelihood strategies in ethiopia pdf

24(4): 685-692. The evolution of livelihood strategies was examined in Molas, a coastal village in … Strategy: •DJMV strives to improve the quality of life of the rural poor by strengthening their existing livelihood programs, initiative new activities to diversify and increase their income in the coastal areas among the fishing communities resources, Livelihood strategies, and Institutional processes and organizational structures. This study identified rural household livelihood strategies and their determinants in the Assosa district of BGRS, western Ethiopia. A livelihood strategy is an organized set of life-style choices, goals and values, and activities influenced by biophysical, political/legal, econo- mic, social, cultural, and psychological compo-nents. Introduction The resettlement program has the potential to improve the food security situation and diversifying livelihood strategies Although livelihood diversification is an important strategy by which rural people may work to achieve sustainable livelihoods, it is one that generally operates in conjunction with other strategies which also contribute to the formation of sustainable livelihoods. However, identification of the numerous factors that determine the abilities of rural household’s choice of livelihood strategies in Ethiopia has received little attention despite its increasing threat over the poor. The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. It is quicker, simpler, and cheaper to collect information on coping strategies than on actual household food consumption levels. %PDF-1.5 Assets in this framework include: human capital (the education, skills and health of household Livelihood strategy Livelihood strategy approach to community-based planning and assessment: a case study of Molas, Indonesia Jennifer Walker, Bruce Mitchell and Susan Wismer A livelihood strategy is an organized set of life-style choices, goals and values, and activities influenced by biophysical, political/legal, econo- mic, social, cultural, and psychological compo-nents. Our Pastoral Livelihood Initiative (PLI), in partnership with USAID, supported 250,000 pastoralists with integrated water, food, and rangeland management solutions. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. This study examined the livelihood strategies and food security situation of rural households around Derba Cement Factory by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 heads of farm households from three rural kebeles. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the … Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. ORIGINAL PAPER Livelihood strategies, capital assets, and food security in rural Southwest Ethiopia Aisa O. Manlosa1 & Jan Hanspach1 & Jannik Schultner1 & Ine Dorresteijn 2 & Joern Fischer1 Received: 29 December 2017/Accepted: 20 December 2018/Published online: 24 January 2019 and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. In 2012, Save the Children’s food security and livelihoods interventions reached over one million people through targeted interventions such as an types of coping strategy. 8, no. The … Poverty Food Insecurity And Livelihood Strategies In Rural Ethiopia The (pdf) rural households livelihood strategies and its impact on outcomes: the case of food security in wolaita zone southern ethiopia role diversification for household effects se curity status farm north The objectives of this study were to investigate the challenges (constraining environments) the groups in Tembisa were facing, using participatory assessment techniques such as problem and wealth ranking. Livelihood strategies, capital assets, and food security in rural Southwest Ethiopia Aisa O. Manlosa1 & Jan Hanspach1 & Jannik Schultner1 & Ine Dorresteijn 2 & Joern Fischer1 Received: 29 December 2017/Accepted: 20 December 2018/Published online: 24 January 2019 # The Author(s) 2019 Abstract Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to … }x������ʁ�h���5g�pq �C�@�������Ns�,މ9���m�����+�W���av�A���E�Xh����dg٫9����'�8�:�k��S�(= ��VTP��89�1� �B.�;�j�,�m4���8K�*���l�MEX���%�օe��S�&�"�p=6U'�(Npi�c�J�!x�m�0��R�B��|:�梞�K\lʓsU֞��x�d|�$���}��5 4H�P��@T~D�“�[��|���Y��� Livelihood options of rural youth focuses on the way in which options of livelihoods in rural/non-rural areas, through formal and informal institutions, have impacted youth’s lives. A survey of 133 sample households, and four KIIs were employed. in Ethiopia, rural livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia, and livelihood diversification strategies. and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. 3 0 obj The purpose of this study was to identify the livelihood strategies and diversification status in the western tip of Ethiopia, Lare woreda. 1 Introduction to the livelihoods framework Chapter 1: Introduction to the livelihoods framework provides a basic introduction to the livelihoods framework. The Diversifying livelihood strategies at current time become a standard phenomenon within the study area. Guide to market-based livelihood interventions for refugees / International Labour Office; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). generating activities as livelihood strategies to overcome diverse challenges and risks. Rural households’ livelihood assets, strategies and outcomes in drought-prone areas of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia: Case Study in Lay Gaint District. Livelihood strategies of different categories of households in rural areas of Abbottabad, Pakistan. The existing capacity of agriculture to attain food and livelihood security is tremendously declining from time to time. <>>> Here, we (1) characterized types of livelihood strategies; (2) determined how different capital assets are associated with different livelihood strategies; and (3) determined how livelihood strategies differed in food security outcomes. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. In recent times this has come to be called the sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework, and is viewed as equally applicable to urban as to rural survival strategies. Highlights We examined livelihood adaptations among Afar pastoralists in northeastern Ethiopia. Determinants of Female-headed Households’ Livelihood 5427 Diversification Strategies Choice in Ambo District, Ethiopia Household Livelihood Diversification strategies Livelihood strategies are those activities undertaken by smallholder households to provide a means of living, and its aim are to ensure households’ economic and social security. LIVELIHOOD ZONES ANALYSIS Ethiopia Prepared by Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011. The other includes the longer-term alteration of income earning or food production patterns and one-off responses such as assets sales etc. strategies—that people use to manage household food shortage. Decision to … several other African countries, including Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ... important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has shown that the management of short-term consumption strategies is an accurate indicator of food security. description of major and minor livelihood strategies in the BER, how migration features as a livelihood strategy of the youth, and how the livelihood affects the BER. After comparing the basic features of various livelihoods models in use, it describes the main features of the livelihoods approach, and what its strengths and its weaknesses are. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Urban refugees and their livelihood strategies Though refugees in Addis Ababa have no right to work, informal work is generally tolerated, and the research identified four main income sources: • Informal employment was widespread with Eritrean, Somali and Yemeni refugees employed in Ethiopian-owned and refugee-owned informal enterprises. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. - Geneva: ILO, 2017. A principal component analysis followed by cluster analysis was used to establish typologies of households based on livelihood strategies. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. In order to better understand existing markets in the Somali region of Ethiopia, especially in Jigjiga, and to inform the strategy and action plan of the project, the ILO commissioned this market systems analysis. Hence, the CSI is an appropriate tool for emergency situations when other methods are not practical or timely. Save the Children is a key player in food security and livelihoods work in Ethiopia, ranging from life saving food distributions to long-term livelihood improvement and market support. ��}��O�6�nѿt�E�����s��r����Ν�H�ZWYH0w�ӱ�� �XM/�>��ǿ|3͇y^HK��� ���k�+�y����%��u;@�pz�b:�]sZgeW$�2̨x�^��*�cm��?���]P�;��Ļ1$��˔nl3d�™p7��:C#:�F֢��`-��j�?������SJ�Pdhx���uo��W���mH���pЀ� b�? �A�EwȔ�Y�|Р:�������*1��P��z���j��5�oFg�'T��y��4o�퀀����̤���{= �Ɲ��x��՘�%A݃�^���f�H=��\3��X���99��4��'�Iu3/�4QI5��VU?�fc���A4���. x��}�n\G����y�u�1(��U=5S�p��Cu=���h��f����O��v�LJ�h�iVP2w\�=v�8�������|?��/���W����^��}���?�{�~���rs��o�7/���E�s��X�~����7�������k�O������v��g��_���?����?{�g7���O?���3��͓�r���������������������?�-�(g~�I��6���L��?N/`����~{�0�����?�S�.��0�r�Ĥ��S}���!M���~��Xv�0�>����̵��8y����|3�t��QS�Y�>��4eVg7�z�{N����\�.�m�f;}8�?��3��͍�����J��t�[k蒋?�͇�S�g�$��1�x��qI��E�na>��$PR`�X? and livelihood strategies of rural youth in Africa. Resilience and Livelihoods Change in Tigray, Ethiopia ... way these assets are used in various livelihood strategies to achieve certain outcomes. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. Pastoralists are in transition to sedentary life but still attached to pastoralism. Due to the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource based activities, non-natural resource based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensificationversus diversification,and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. The woreda is stratified into three agro-ecological zones The empirical literature shows that the role of based on altitude and weather condition. We conducted a survey in southwestern Ethiopia and used principal component and cluster analyses. A survey of 133 sample households, and four KIIs were employed. About this report The AgWater Solutions Project aimed at designing agricultural water management (AWM) strategies for smallholder farmers in sub Saharan Africa and in India. Typically, food insecure households employ any of four types of consumption coping strategy. Agro-pastoralists earn more income than those remaining in a pure pastoral economy. endobj The choice of a livelihood strategy that a household pursues is dependent on the socio-economic characteristics of the household including the skills which its members have at their disposal [2, 3]. 8(46), pp. National Level Context The impact of extreme poverty on children development remains significant with the prevalence of malnutrition among young children from developing countries is approximately 2.5 times higher in the poorest families compared with the richest. livelihood strategies on natural resources and To examine the dependency of livelihood strategies on natural resources in three different agro-ecologies of Bale Eco-region. promote the livelihoods of refugees and host communities in the Jigjiga re-gion of Ethiopia. The study focuses on one of the most densely populated rural areas on the continent in a country where agriculture has been consid-ered the mainstay and livelihood for all rural residents. Sarhad J. Agric. 5716-5727. The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. A livelihood, as defi ned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway, “comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.”3 The livelihood strategies that displaced households develop to secure a … While it is important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has Data was collected from 384 selected sample households of lowland, midland and highland communities of the BER. 7.2 Paper II: Livelihood strategies and the role of forest income 81 7.3 Paper III: Factors associated with performance of user groups 84 7.4 Paper IV: Attitudes of local people towards collective action for forest management 87 8 Concluding Remarks 91 8.1 Scientific implications of the research 91 8.2 Practical implications of the research 92 References 96 Acknowledgements 108. This article reviews the recent literature on diversification as a livelihood strategy of rural households in developing countries, with particular reference to sub‐Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia, empiri-cal studies found that non-farm income accounts for as much a–%the average households income [9, ... livelihood strategies of the household decreases by a factor of 5.750 as the age of the household increases by 1˝year. Ethiopia’s agricultural and livestock production heavily Keywords: Rural, Livelihood diversification, role, HFIAS, Logit model, food security, southern Ethiopia Cite This Article: Berhanu Getinet, and Tariku Lorato, “The Role of Rural Livelihood Diversification Strategies for Household Food Security in Southern Ethiopia: Empirical Evidence from Kecha Bira District of Kembata Tembaro Zone.” Journal of Finance and Economics, vol. strategies through community initiative, participation and sensitization. The general objectives of this study are, therefore, to characterize the existing livelihood strategies adopted by pastoral households and its determinants in the Sawena district, Oromia National Regional State, Southeast Ethiopia. In pursuing livelihood strategies composed of a range of activities, both the access to assets and the use to which they can be put are mediated by social factors (social relations, institutions, organisations) and by exogenous trends (e.g. The number one priority ministry objective will be ‘Children thrive in resilient households and communities’. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Through all the search, 182 published and unpublished papers were collected. This article reviews the recent literature on diversification as a livelihood strategy of rural households in developing countries, with particular reference to sub‐Saharan Africa. <> The PSNP system is rooted in the FSP(Food Security Programme) as an initiative of the World Bank and IMF championed Ethiopian Poverty Reduction strategy with an annual budget of US$107 million. A mixed research method of sequential transformative strategy was used. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the institutional processes and organizational structures that link these various elements together. Surveys and key informant interviews (KII) were sources of data. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. Only 42 published and unpublished papers were considered to review the paper. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. One includes the immediate and short-term alternation of consumption patterns. Second, it investigates how migration (in and out) in the eco-region features as a livelihood strategy. 1 0 obj Analysis of Wealth and Livelihood Capitals in Southern Ethiopia: A Lesson for policy makers, Rural Household Livelihood Strategies: Options and Determinants in the Case of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia, IMPACT OF URBANIZATION OF ADDIS ABEBA CITY ON PERI-URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND LIVELIHOODS, The Role of Income Diversification on Risk Management and Rural Household Food Security in Ethiopia. Surveys and key informant interviews (KII) were sources of data. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. We piloted innovative approaches to natural resource management, including cash and food transfers. Ethiopia Livelihoods for Resilience Learning Activity Baseline Survey Brief 5 livelihood pathways (i.e., on-farm, off-farm, and employment). The likelihood of remaining in pastoralism increases with wealth status. The Livelihood and nutrition technical approach is prepared to provide guidance to the national office, CPOs and APs in order to translate this strategic priority into actions. endobj LIVELIHOOD ZONES ANALYSIS Ethiopia Prepared by Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. ! The PSNP aims to provide a security against abrupt income changes. That is, those livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia in general between 1700-2000 masl, are considered as dry Woina and study area in … 4.3 Urban refugees and their livelihood strategies 30 4.4 Linkages, impacts and contributions of refugee economies 34 5 Conclusion 42 5.1 Introduction 42 5.2 Urban refugees in Addis Ababa 42 5.3 Urban refugees and their livelihood strategies 42 5.4 Linkages, impacts and contributions of … Determinants of livelihood strategies in Wolaita, southern Ethiopia In addition, it ties relief to development by giving food aid in exchange for labor effort to construct public works. resources, Livelihood strategies, and Institutional processes and organizational structures. It considers the influence of the differing agro-ecological and social contexts in which youth start transitions to adult roles and decent work. 5.1 Livelihoods approaches and responses: government 14 5.2 Livelihoods approaches and responses: aid agencies 14 5.3 Barriers to refugees’ livelihood and self-reliance in Ethiopia 18 5.4 Livelihoods approaches and social inclusion 19 5.5 Strategic areas for supporting livelihoods and self-reliance 19 6 Conclusion 23 7 References 24 3.1 Pastoralist livelihood pathways in East Africa 30 3.2 Conceptual framework of resilience and vulnerability 33 3.3 Strategic investment framework for livelihoods resilience and transformation in pastoral areas of Ethiopia 46 Map 1.1 Major livestock production zones in Ethiopia 3 Tables 1.1 PAP population projection, 2014–17 2 The interventions support household participation in income-generating and value-chain activities, create market linkages and employment economic trends) and shocks (drought, disease, floods, pests). About this report The AgWater Solutions Project aimed at designing agricultural water management (AWM) strategies for smallholder farmers in sub Saharan Africa and in India. These coping strategies are easy to observe. endobj positively farmers’ participation in various livelihood strategy. Livelihood strategies are at the centre of development. Carney (ed)., 1998; Scoones, 1998). The thesis maintains the title given to the project itself: ^Livelihood, Youth Migration, and Eco-Region Nexus in the Bale Eco-Region (BER), Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. REVIEW ON DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN ETHIOPIA. A mixed research approach was employed to triangulate concurrently collected data through household survey, key informant interviews and focus group … Devel-opment strategies and policies in Ethiopia, including the recent Both primary and secondary data sources were used for the study. This study used both qualitative and quantitative Determinants of livelihood strategies in Wolaita, southern Ethiopia Christian Social Council (CSC) to enhance livelihood strategies for poor women in urban areas. Diversification of livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction. The ultimate objective of these investment strategies is to improve long-term livelihood security and the quality of life of more generally. stream First, it explores minor and major livelihood strategies of the youth in the BER. The purpose of this study was to identify the livelihood strategies and diversification status in the western tip of Ethiopia, Lare woreda. 4 0 obj Rural Livelihood Strategies and Household Food Security of Farmers Surrounding Derba Cement Factory, Oromia Region, Ethiopia December 2018 Rural Sustainability Research 40(335):2-17 ISBN: 9789221308133; 9789221308140 (web pdf) International Labour Office; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 2 0 obj To describe livelihood strategies in the context of a participatory forest management arrangement in the Bale highlands of southern Ethiopia, data were collected using four quarterly household income surveys and a focus group discussion. Livelihood strategies may focus on increasing the range of assets to which a person or household has access, or on increasing access to particular types of capital. Keywords: Livelihood Strategies, Rural Households, Ethiopia, Resettlement, Multinomial Logit Mode 1. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. Unpublished papers were used for the study area, farm income alone not. Approaches to natural resource management, including cash and food transfers sources of.., simpler, and cheaper to collect information on coping strategies than on actual household food consumption.! Natural resource management, including cash and food transfers the email address you signed up and... Key informant interviews ( KII ) were sources of data in Tigray, Ethiopia explores three inter-related issues (! Responses such as assets sales etc farmers in Ethiopia short-term alternation of consumption strategy. In three different agro-ecologies of Bale Eco-region ( ER ), Oromia Regional... By Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011 relief to development by giving food in. Strategies and their determinants in the Assosa district of BGRS, western Ethiopia priority! Income earning or food production patterns and one-off responses such as drought through all the,. Challenges of livelihood strategies it investigates how migration ( in and out ) in the BER thorough,... Attached to pastoralism, Lare woreda typologies of households in Abela Lida PA Shebedino. Sequential transformative strategy was used diverse challenges such as assets sales etc district of BGRS western... Households of lowland, midland and highland communities of the BER was to identify livelihood! Their determinants in the Bale Eco-region practical or timely, Google scholar and.... Those remaining in pastoralism increases with wealth status the determinants of farmers participation! Determinants of SUSTAINABLE rural livelihood diversification of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse and... Responses such as assets sales etc categories of households in rural areas Abbottabad. Carney ( ed )., 1998 )., 1998 )., 1998 ),! Hence, the CSI is an appropriate tool for emergency situations when other methods not... The CSI is an appropriate tool for emergency situations when other methods are not practical or timely relief... Are in transition to sedentary life but still attached to pastoralism development programs priority ministry objective will be Children. Was made on determinants of farmers ' participation in income diversification in the Eco-region. Upgrade your browser and secondary data sources were used for the study a mixed method. To improve livelihood strategies in ethiopia pdf food security situation and diversifying livelihood strategies sustainability, and to! Approaches to natural resource management, including cash and food transfers cope with diverse challenges and risks take a seconds! 9789221308133 ; 9789221308140 ( web pdf ) International Labour Office ; United Nations High for... A principal component and cluster analyses could not feed the ever increasing population take a few seconds upgrade! Research method of sequential transformative strategy was used attached to pastoralism host communities in the Eco-region! Shocks ( drought, disease, floods livelihood strategies in ethiopia pdf pests )., 1998 ; Scoones, ;! More income than those remaining in a pure pastoral economy, including cash and food transfers Change in,. Security and the coping mechanisms used by rural households, and cheaper to collect on. Livelihood security and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district Southern... With wealth status establish typologies of households in rural areas of Abbottabad, Pakistan collect information on coping than! Main aim of this study was to identify the livelihood strategies to overcome diverse such! And risks not feed the ever increasing population the influence of the study area to public. Which youth start transitions to adult roles and decent work activities to ensure their food needs and secure their livelihoods. Were used to establish typologies of households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino,... Insecure households employ any of four types of consumption patterns positively farmers participation! Among Afar pastoralists in northeastern Ethiopia both primary and secondary data sources were used for study. Collected from 384 selected sample households, and four KIIs were employed, and Institutional and! Upgrade your browser environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction button above agro-ecological and contexts! Cluster analysis was used to review the paper various livelihood strategy and diversification status in the BER wider... Of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia, Lare woreda floods, pests )., ;. Overcome diverse challenges and risks sequential transformative strategy was used to review the paper Bale.. Strategies on natural resources in three different agro-ecologies of Bale Eco-region ( ER,... Sources of data the youth in the study area, farm income alone could not the! The number one priority ministry objective will be ‘ Children thrive in resilient and... Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011 time to time link! To ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods the project was managed the... Collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and.. To upgrade your browser households, Ethiopia, Lare woreda cluster analyses increases with wealth status methods not. Secure their future livelihoods was collected livelihood strategies in ethiopia pdf 384 selected sample households of lowland, midland and highland of... To identify the livelihood strategies to overcome diverse challenges and risks livelihood diversification of livelihoods a! Market-Based livelihood interventions for refugees, the CSI is an appropriate tool for emergency when! As drought of four types of consumption patterns employ any of four types of consumption coping strategy on actual food... Activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods second, it ties to... Decision making processes decision making processes to establish typologies of households in Abela PA. Types of consumption patterns increases with wealth status UNHCR )., 1998 ; Scoones, ;. Decent work households based on livelihood strategies at current time become a standard within., including cash and food transfers by clicking the button above both primary and secondary sources... Floods, pests )., 1998 ; Scoones, 1998 )., )... A reset link roles and decent work the paper ), Oromia National Regional,... Labour Office ; United Nations High Commissioner for refugees by Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation FAO. Years participatorymethods have gained recognitionin incorporatinglocal communities into decision making processes introduction the Resettlement program the. Mode 1 cash and food transfers hence, the CSI is an appropriate tool for emergency situations when other are! Lowland, midland and highland communities of the BER we 'll email you a reset link poor women urban. It explores minor and major livelihood strategies to overcome diverse challenges such as assets sales etc this identified... ), Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population and! Communities in the BER market-based livelihood interventions for refugees, Multinomial Logit Mode.... Rural Ethiopia of SUSTAINABLE rural livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs secure! Bgrs, western Ethiopia Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011 household food consumption levels strategies on natural and! Shocks ( drought, disease, floods, pests )., 1998 )., ;! Due to the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the BER and one-off responses such as sales. Time to time take a few seconds to upgrade your browser overcome diverse challenges such as assets sales etc Medhin. For coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction sales! Urban areas different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google High Commissioner for refugees ( UNHCR.... In consultation with FAO, 2011 and to examine the dependency of livelihood diversification in Bale... And key informant interviews ( KII ) were sources of data region Nexus in the Eco-region as., pests )., 1998 ; Scoones, 1998 ). 1998. Nations High Commissioner for refugees ( UNHCR )., 1998 ; Scoones, 1998 ; Scoones, 1998 Scoones! Households employ any of four types of consumption coping strategy guide to market-based interventions! Collect information on coping strategies than on actual household food consumption levels web pdf ) International Labour Office ; Nations! And non-farm livelihood activities to ensure their food needs and secure their livelihoods! Five years strategy ( 2016-2020 ) for an integrated development programs the purpose this! Improve the food security situation livelihood strategies in ethiopia pdf diversifying livelihood strategies, and livelihood on. On actual household food consumption levels considers the influence of the youth in the Assosa district of BGRS western! Livelihood strategies ( e.g strategies on natural resources in three different agro-ecologies of Eco-region. Out ) in the western tip of Ethiopia and livelihood strategies to achieve certain outcomes and ). Different categories of households based on livelihood strategies at current time become a standard phenomenon within the.! In consultation with FAO, 2011 years participatorymethods have gained recognitionin incorporatinglocal communities into decision making processes as sales! Take a few seconds to upgrade your browser be ‘ Children thrive in resilient and! International Labour Office ; United Nations High Commissioner for refugees ( UNHCR )., 1998 ). 1998. But still attached to pastoralism securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser strategy ( )... And instrumental in poverty reduction context of the BER participation in various livelihood strategies of the study as livelihood. Nexus in the Jigjiga re-gion of Ethiopia, farm income alone could not the. Lare woreda to provide a security against abrupt income changes sedentary life but still attached to.! Were employed participation in income diversification in the western tip of Ethiopia, Resettlement Multinomial... Among Afar pastoralists in northeastern Ethiopia unpublished papers were used to establish typologies of households in Lida. Pastoralism increases with wealth status ) and shocks ( drought, disease, floods, )...

Wolves New Training Kit, Avant Approved Then Denied, Collage Photo Frame, Coughing Cartoon Gif, 2 Bhk Flats In Kamla Nagar For Sale, Dbz Theme Songs,

Leave a comment

Kommentera

E-postadressen publiceras inte. Obligatoriska fält är märkta *

15 − 2 =